6 Mai 2015,
Why are we concerned with boxes whose lids don’t close properly?
This is not just curators and conservators being pernickety; we really do have very good reasons to make sure that every closed box stays shut.
Museum collections contain a lot of valuable things that are easily perishable. Swords are made to be tough, but - believe it or not - even swords are not indestructible.
Iron rusts when it gets wet. Iron also rusts because of moisture in the atmosphere. Other metals can corrode in much the same way. If we are not careful we would end up with merely a bag of rust!
Therefore, we store all manner of sensitive objects (including cannonballs!) in what we call “micro-environments”. While many of our stores and galleries are air-conditioned, the humidity in the air is often too high to prevent these delicate objects from rusting.
Micro-environments are boxes or plastic pouches that contain one or several objects, plus a chemical that regulates the humidity within the box or pouch. This chemical is silica gel – if you have ever bought an electrical item the packaging probably contained a little sachet saying “Do not eat!”. The little granules in this sachet are silica gel. It is very widely used to keep things dry. Including in museums.
Once we have packaged our objects with silica gel we do not want moisture from the atmosphere to get into the box; that’s why we make sure the box closes properly. Only then will the objects be safe and dry, and ready for display or study.
To read more about our collections care work, go to our Preventive Conservation blog.
5 Mai 2015,
Gan mlynedd union yn ôl, ar 7 Mai 1915, cafodd y llong Brydeinig y Lusitania ei tharo gan dorpido Almaenig oddi ar arfordir Iwerddon, wrth iddi ddychwelyd o Efrog Newydd i Lerpwl. Fe suddodd mewn ugain munud. O’r 1,959 o deithwyr ar ei bwrdd – yn cynnwys plant a’r criw – bu farw 1,198. I nifer, roedd hon yn ‘drosedd yn erbyn dynoliaeth’ gan yr Almaenwyr, a chyhuddwyd y Kaiser Wilhelm II o ‘lofruddiaeth fwriadol ar raddfa eang’. Yn yr Almaen, cafodd medal ei chreu i gofio’r digwyddiad, ac mae gennym gopi ohoni yn y casgliad.
Ymysg y cannoedd a fu farw roedd Cymro o’r enw Owen Ladd. Ganwyd Owen ym 1882, yn fab i William a Phoebe Ladd o Eglwyswrw yng ngogledd Sir Benfro. Aeth i Ysgol Fwrdd Llantwyd cyn mynd yn brentis i wneuthurwr watshys yn Aberteifi. Bu hefyd yn rhedeg siop yn Pentre, y Rhondda, am naw mlynedd.
Ym 1911, gadawodd Gymru i ymuno â’i frawd, David, oedd yn gyfrifydd yn Winnipeg, Canada. Mewn dim o dro, daeth yn aelod amlwg o’r gymuned Gymraeg yno – roedd yn drysorydd Cymdeithas Dewi Sant, yn aelod blaenllaw o Eglwys Fedyddwyr Nassau Street, ac yn beirniadu mewn eisteddfodau lleol o bryd i’w gilydd.
Ym 1915, penderfynodd Owen ddychwelyd i Gymru – roedd ei rieni’n oedrannus ac roedd yn ystyried ymuno â’r fyddin. Yn anffodus, bu farw ar fwrdd y Lusitania cyn cyrraedd adref.
Ar 12 Mai 1915, roedd adroddiad ar suddo’r Lusitania yn The Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph yn crybwyll fod Owen Ladd ymysg y rhai oedd ar goll. Yna ar 20 Mai 1915 cafwyd adroddiad llygad-dyst ym mhapur wythnosol gogledd Penfro, The County Echo , yn sôn am farwolaeth Owen.
Mae’r casgliad hefyd yn cynnwys telegram, gafodd ei yrru gan ei frawd David o Winnipeg ar 8 Mai 1915 yn holi os oedd Owen yn iawn, ac ateb a yrrwyd yn hwyrach y diwrnod hwnnw gan Cunard’s yn Lerpwl, yn datgelu dim. Mae yma hefyd lythyr a yrrwyd ar 14 Mai 1915 i un o frodyr eraill Owen, Hugh Ladd o Eglwyswrw, gan ‘The Cunard Steam Ship Company Limited’, Queenstown .
Mae casgliad Owen Ladd i’w weld arlein yng nghatalog Casgliadau’r Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf.
1 Mai 2015,
Our expedition has now drawn to a successful close. Our collections of several thousand specimens have (mostly) been successfully exported from Ecuador and initial analysis of them has started. Entomological expeditions to remote areas are great fun of course. However the less glamorous but harder work comes later, involving months or years of detailed study during which new species are described, evolutionary trees constructed, and ecological or biogeographic conclusions etc. are developed.
In the field there may be great excitement about finding a particular insect but to a scientist, the level of excitement can only grow as the real significance of the finding is revealed subsequently through painstaking study and reference to our already extensive collections. Already we have glimpses of results that might tell us more about how the insect fauna of the upper Amazon Basin came about. For example the unexpected presence of Cladodromia (a classic ‘Gondwanan’ genus) suggests there has been immigration from Patagonia whereas the high diversity of Neoplasta (which is essentially North American) hints at a south-bound migration along the Andes. On the other hand, an almost complete absence of Hemerodromia puzzles us as it is widespread in the lower Amazon so why didn’t we find it higher up? We suspect that the answer may be that it has only recently arrived in South America and is still spreading to Ecuador. Then again the unseasonal rains (due to a strong El Niño this year) may be a factor. Investigations continue.
In the field, our successes were often hard-won; difficult slogging through trying terrain, inclement weather, frustrating officialdom and many other factors sometimes worked against us it seemed, and intermittent access to the internet made writing these blogs challenging at times. We have been very fortunate in that our expedition was entirely and well-funded by the Brazilian Government as a part of their noble and ambitious efforts to understand the biodiversity of the Amazon. Our own exertions will plug one significant hole in knowledge and contribute to greater appreciation of Amazon biodiversity.
To read all of Adrian's entries, go to our Natural History Blog
1 Mai 2015,
Bydd Amgueddfa Cymru yn dyfarnu Tystysgrifau Gwyddonwyr Gwych i cant o ysgolion ar draws y DU eleni, i gydnabod eu cyfraniad i Ymchwiliad Bylbiau’r Gwanwyn – Newid Hinsawdd.
Llongyfarchiadau anferth i bob un o’r ysgolion!
Diolch i bob un o’r 5,539 disgybl a helpodd eleni! Diolch am weithio mor galed yn plannu, arsylwi, mesur a chofnodi – rydych chi i gyd yn Wyddonwyr Gwych! Bydd pob un yn derbyn tystysgrif a phensel Gwyddonydd Gwych, ac fe fyddan nhw’n cyrraedd eich ysgol tua canol mis Mai.
Diolch yn fawr i Ymddiriedolaeth Edina am eu nawdd ac am helpu i wireddu’r holl broject!
Diolch i’r tri enillydd wnaeth anfon y nifer fwyaf o ddata tywydd. Bydd pob un yn derbyn trip ysgol llawn hwyl i atyniad natur.
St. Brigid's School - Wales
The Blessed Sacrament Catholic Primary School - England
Winton Primary School - Scotland
Betws Primary School
Carnforth North Road Primary School
Corsehill Primary School
St. Laurence Primary School
St. Michael's Primary School
St. Paul's Primary School
Wormit Primary School
Balcurvie Primary School
Coleg Meirion Dwyfor
Eastfield Primary School
Fairlie Primary School
Gibshill Children's Centre
Howwood Primary School
Keir Hardie Memorial Primary School
Kilmory Primary School
SS Philip and James CE Primary School
St. Ignatius Primary School
St. Peter's CE Primary School
Wildmill Youth Club
Ysgol Bro Eirwg
Bickerstaffe CE Primary School
Binnie Street Children's Centre
Brodick Primary School
Carstairs Primary School
Coppull Parish Primary School
Dallas Road Primary School
Euxton Church of England Primary School
Garstang St. Thomas' CE Primary School
Guardbridge Primary School
Henllys CIW Primary
Kirkton Primary School
Llanharan Primary School
Morningside Primary School
Newport Primary School
Orchard Meadow Primary School
Pittenweem Primary School
Rhws Primary School
Rivington Foundation Primary School
Sacred Heart Primary and Nurseries
Skelmorlie Primary School
Stanford-in-the-Vale CE Primary School
St Athan Primary
St Mellons Church in Wales Primary School
Trellech Primary School
Woodlands Primary School
Ynysddu Primary School
Ysgol Bryn Garth
Ysgol Syr John Rhys
Ysgolion i dderbyn tystysgrifau:
Abbey Primary School
Albert Primary School
Arkholme CE Primary School
Baird Memorial Primary School
Balshaw Lane Community Primary School
Chapelgreen Primary School
Christ Church CP School
Chryston Primary School
Colinsburgh Primary School
Darran Park Primary
Fintry Primary School
Glencoats Primary School
Kilmacolm Primary School
Kings Oak Primary School
Llanishen Fach C.P School
Mossend Primary School
Our Lady of Peace Primary School
Preston Grange Primary School
Saint Anthony's Primary School
Silverdale St. John's CE School
St. Nicholas CE Primary School
St. Philip Evans RC Primary School
Swiss Valley CP School
Thorn Primary School
Tongwynlais Primary School
Torbain Nursery School
Townhill Primary School
Ysgol Bryn Coch
Ysgol Glan Conwy
Ysgol Iau Hen Golwyn
Ysgol Nant Y Coed
Ysgol Rhys Prichard
Ysgol Tal y Bont
Ysgol Y Plas
Glyncollen Primary School
Rougemont Junior School
Da iawn, rydych chi wedi gwneud gwaith ANHYGOEL.
30 Ebrill 2015,
Back to civilization again - the regional capital of Loja, a small town nestled under forested Andean slopes and home to the regional Ministry of Environment where we must go once again, to obtain permission to move the samples we have collected back to Quito.
Unlike our previous brush with officialdom in Tena (our samples from there still have not been released!... but we have some local support to ensure that they eventually will be), the officials in Loja were helpful, polite and efficient! We had allowed 2 days to process the permissions in Loja, but in the event, we received our permits within 30 minutes, leaving us the best part of 2 days to explore the town and sample the local culture and cuisine.
Meanwhile, here are some more photos from our time in the field.
To read more about Adrian's travels, go to our Natural History blog page