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Amgueddfa Cymru

A Window into the Industry Collections

Mark Etheridge, 29 Medi 2014

Amongst the new collections we have received in September is this unusual miniature miner’s dial. This is a compass-like instrument used underground for the surveying of passages and seams. The engraved plate on the lid of the box of this example shows that it was presented to Mr. W. Meredith by the workmen of Tylecoch Colliery on Sept. 12th 1881. The manufacturer is unknown.

We have been donated two twist boxes this month. These twist boxes were used by miners to carry their chewing tobacco. They were not allowed to smoke underground due to the risk of explosions. The one on the left even contains some original tobacco! Both examples belonged to ancestors of the donor and were both used in south Wales collieries. Twist boxes are fairly common mining related objects. An excellent display can be seen in our galleries in the old pit head baths at Big Pit: National Mining Museum.

This photograph was donated along with the two twist boxes and is a souvenir of the stay in strike at Parc Colliery. The donor’s grandfather is one of the men in the photograph.

Finally the certificate below was issued by the Monmouthshire Education Authority to Abraham Evans in 1945.

Mark Etheridge

Curator: Industry & Transport

Follow us on Twitter - @IndustryACNMW

A Window into the Industry Collections

Mark Etheridge, 3 Medi 2014

Amongst the new collections we have received in August was a collection of two ship models and six watercolours. The models and paintings are all by Mr Tony Jackson who was apprenticed to Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons in 1951. The two models are of the BP tanker British Sovereign, and a Liberty Ship. The six watercolours show the Orient City, Homer City, Devon City, Fresno City, Graig and Graigfelen. The photograph below shows Tony Jackson in his uniform aged 15. The next two show the ship model of the British Sovereign ship model and a painting of the Graig.

 

 

 

 

This photograph is one of three we received showing the basilica and copper mines at El Cobre, Cuba, taken in February this year. These mines were important as a source of ore to Welsh smelting works. We recently acquired a share certificate relating to the Royal Copper Mines of Cobre which you can see in my March blog.  

 

 

We have been donated a history of the Ely Brewery called ‘Beer and the Brewery’. This has been compiled by an ex-employee of the brewery who was an apprentice fitter and then fitter there from 1949 - 1962. This month we have also received 35 copies of the Ely Brewery house magazine ‘Mild and Bitter’. The image shows a front page from a 1956 edition.

 

 

We have purchased two interesting handbills for the collection. One is for the St. George’s SS Co. Ltd., and dates to 1910. The other is for a cruise along the Cardigan coast in 1968.

 

 

 

This Sharp 'Font Writer' Personal Word Processor (Model FW-710 UM) was purchased by the donor to be used during her university course. The word processor was manufactured by Sharp Electronics (UK) Ltd. at Wrexham in about 1995.

 

 

Mark Etheridge

Curator: Industry & Transport

Follow us on Twitter - @IndustryACNMW 

"Our Cats" by Harrison Weir [1889]

Jennifer Evans, 15 Awst 2014

We recently participated in #MuseumCats Day on Twitter and this involved a quick search through our holdings for some interesting pictures of cats to Tweet and what a gem we have found! Please enjoy this selection of wonderful and [in some cases] bizarre illustrations of cats from the book "Our Cats and all about them" written and illustrated by Harrison Weir in 1889. 

My personal favourites are the surreal disembodied heads [see above], "Sylvie" [she of the magnificent moustaches] and the Russian cat who [in my opinion] has a most unsettling human expression.


Weir was a very interesting character; he was born in 1824 on May 5th [d.1906], and is known as "The Father of the Cat Fancy”. He organizied the first ever cat show in England, at The Crystal Palace, London in July 1871 where he and his brother served as judges. In 1887 he founded the National Cat Club and was its first President and Show Manager until his resignation in 1890. Our Cats was the first published pedigree cat book.

Weir was employed, for many years, as a draughtsman and engraver for the Illustrated London News as well as many other publications and in his lifetime he both wrote and illustrated other books such as The Poetry of Nature (1867), Every Day in the Country (1883) and Animal Studies, Old and New (1885). In 1845 he exhibited his first painting at the British Institution and during his career he was an occasional exhibitor at the Royal Academy.

He was a keen animal fancier, an experienced breeder of cats, carrier pigeons, and poultry and for thirty years often acted as a judge at the principal pigeon and poultry shows. In 1903 he wrote and illustrated the exhaustive book Our Poultry and All About Them.

More information on Harrison Weir via the following links: 

http://www.harrisonweir.com/ 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_Weir 

http://www.nationalcatclub.co.uk/History.htm

This book was bequeathed to the Library back in May 1916 along with around 500 other books by the Welsh artist, champion of Wales’ cultural heritage and one of the founding fathers of Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, Thomas Henry Thomas.

Along with the books, Thomas also bequeathed his entire catalogue of prints, drawings and watercolours to the Museum.

More information on Thomas Henry Thomas here:

http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/rhagor/article/2035/

The illustration above appeares in the Chapter "Performing cats". Other chapters include, "Cats as tormentors", "Dead cats", "Fishing cats" and "Lovers of cats" [would you believe... Cardinal Richelieu?].

This book is available to view electronically via the following Project Gutenberg link:

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/35450/35450-h/35450-h.htm#Page_37

Biographical information on Harrison Weir taken from Wikipedia.

All photographs in this post taken by the author.

 

Well now, here’s  a pretty thing…

A souvenir booklet celebrating the fifty year reign of Queen Victoria. It was published in 1887 by Eyre & Spottiswoode, who were the official printers to Her Majesty at that time.

Our volunteer [Alison] has been working her way through old pamphlet boxes and all manner of forgotten things and very kindly passes to me items that are interesting, unusual or just lovely to see, and this one falls into that last category.

It measures 11 x 13.5 cm, has 16 pages and, our accessions register states that it was donated to us in May 1935 by a Mr Charles Barnwell Esq.

The book also contains a poem written by Lord Tennyson especially for the occasion. Tennyson had been Poet Laureate since 1850 [after William Wordsworth's death] and held the position until his own death in 1892.

Interestingly, Eyre & Spottiswoode [established in 1845], went on to merge with Methuen Publishing in the 1970s.

All photographs in this post taken by the author.

Golwg ar y Casgliadau Diwydiant

Mark Etheridge, 29 Gorffennaf 2014

Croesawyd amrywiaeth o gaffaeliadau newydd i’r casgliadau Diwydiant a Thrafnidiaeth ym mis Gorffennaf eleni eto. Ymhlith yr eitemau newydd mae -  

Offer mesur danheddog a ddefnyddiwyd yn chwarel Dinorwig i farcio/mesur llechi to cyn eu torri. Safonwyd enwau a maint llechi to ym 1738 pan ddyfeisiodd y Cadfridog Hugh Warburton (cydberchennog Ystâd y Penrhyn ar y pryd) system enwi llechi o wahanol faint. Gan eu mesur mewn modfeddi, rhoddwyd enwau ‘menywod bonheddig’ i’r llechi fel Empresses, Duchesses Mawr, Viscountesses, a Ladis Llydan. Buan y daeth y rhain yn dermau safonol y diwydiant, er bod y meintiau yn amrywio o dro i dro ac o ardal i ardal. Mae cyfanswm o ddau ddeg tri ‘dant’ ar y ffon fesur sy’n 26 modfedd o hyd. Ar y pen mae tri ‘dant’ ddwy fodfedd ar wahân (yn y pen agosaf at yr hoelen) tra bod y dau ddeg saith ‘dant’ arall un fodfedd ar wahân.

Ffon fesur hir allai gael ei defnyddio i farcio a mesur llechi mawr maint ‘Queens’. Y llechen leiaf allai gael ei marcio gan y ffon hon yw'r ‘Narrow Ladies’ (16 modfedd o hyd neu fyw). 

 

 

 Ar y fforch dostio hon mae llun o löwr ac arysgrif 'BIG PIT BLAENAVON'. Byddai’r fforch yn cael ei gwerthu yn siop Amgueddfa Big Pit yn niwedd y 1980au/dechrau’r 1990au. Bellach mae Big Pit yn un o wyth amgueddfa genedlaethol Amgueddfa Cymru. 

 

 Potel wag o chwisgi un brag ‘Madeira’ Penderyn yn ei bapur gwreiddiol. Lansiwyd y cwmni yn 2000 fel y Welsh Whisky Company, cyn newid yr enw’n ddiweddarach i Penderyn Distillery gan fod y cwmni wedi’i leoli ym mhentref Penderyn, y tu fewn i ffin ddeheuol Parc Cenedlaethol Bannau Brycheiniog. Lansiwyd chwisgi un brag Penderyn gan Dywysog Cymru ar 1 Mawrth 2004 yn Neuadd Dewi Sant Caerdydd. Caiff ei aeddfedu i ddechrau mewn casgenni bourbon cyn ei aeddfedu ymhellach mewn barriques Madeira arbennig.

 

Cwmni rheilffordd Neath and Brecon a gynhyrchodd y dystysgrif cyfranddaliad hon gwerth £10. Awdurdodwyd y rheilffordd gan Ddeddf Seneddol ym 1862 a dechreuwyd cludo glo i Gastell Nedd dan yr enw Dulais Valley Mineral Railway. Gwnaed y gwaith hyrwyddo ac adeiladu gan y contractiwr John Dickson ac ef dderbyniodd y dystysgrif hon. Wedi cael caniatâd i ymestyn y rheilffordd i Aberhonddu newidiwyd yr enw i’r Neath and Brecon Railway.  

 

Dau DVD yw’r eitem olaf. Ffilm am drychineb Glofa Albion ym 1894 wedi’i chreu gan staff a disgybl yn Ysgol Uwchradd Pontypridd yw’r cyntaf. Teitl yr ail yw ‘Memories of Old Clydach’ ac mae’n gasgliad o ffotograffau, dogfennau ac atgofion gan drigolion yr ardal yn y 1940au a’r 1950au. Mae un adran yn trafod Glofa Clydach Merthyr a gweithfeydd tunplat Players. 

 

Mark Etheridge

Curadur: Diwydiant a Thrafnidiaeth

Dilynwch ni ar twitter - @IndustryACNMW