Finds recorded from Wales by PAS Cymru: 2012

Below is a brief summary of the more significant non-Treasure finds recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme in Wales during 2012. The finds presented here only reflect diagnostic artefacts and coins seen at Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Cardiff; further finds have been recorded by the four regional archaeological trusts as partners in the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and by Finds Liaison Officers in neighbouring counties.

The brief descriptions presented are intended as a summary only: detailed descriptions and images can be found on the Portable Antiquities Scheme website, by visiting http://finds.org.uk/ and searching on the reference number in the ‘Other Reference’ field. The finds have been divided into two groups: artefacts and numismatics. Post Medieval coinage and artefacts only include the more interesting coins, artefacts and 17th century tokens. Finds of lithics and pottery have not been included here but are accessible through the finds database. Treasure Finds have been omitted and will be subsequently published in the Treasure Annual Report by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. For further information contact the Portable Antiquities Finds Coordinator; Wales at Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Cardiff, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF10 3NP

Artefacts:

Prehistory

Caerphilly
Late Bronze Age socketed tool of unusual form (2012.212.1), possibly a hammer or chisel from Argoed.

Cardiff
Fragmentary Middle Bronze Age, Low-Flanged palstave (2012.10.1) from Old St. Mellons.

Carmarthenshire
Middle to Late Bronze Age tanged chisel (trunnion tool) from Llangynog (2012.40).

Ceredigion
Middle Bronze Age Transitional palstave (2012.102) from Aberporth.

Flintshire
Early Bronze Age Developed flat axe (2012.22) from Connah’s Quay.

Monmouthshire
Late Bronze Age socketed axe (2012.122) from Llangybi.

Pembrokeshire
Middle to Late Bronze Age blade fragment from an axe of uncertain type (2012.89) from St Florence.

Rhondda-Cynon-Taff
Early Bronze Age Developed flat axe (2012.159.1) from Pontypridd; Middle Bronze Age cast-flanged axe (2012.124) from Llantrisant; Middle Bronze Age dirk (2012.61) from Treorchy and a Late Bronze Age socketed gouge (2012.108) from Pont-y-Clun.

Swansea
Middle Bronze Age dirk (2012.129.2) and an Iron Age-Roman penannular brooch (2012.60.2) from Swansea Bay; Late Bronze Age socketed gouge (2012.13.1), Late Bronze Age socketed chisel (2012.129.1), Late Bronze curved and socketed knife (2012.153.1) and two Late Iron age terrets (2012.36.4, 2012.156.5; not associated) all from Swansea Bay at Mumbles.

Vale of Glamorgan
A blade from an Early Bronze Age bronze flat axe (2012.186.1) from Welsh St Donats; Early Bronze Age bronze developed and decorated flat axe (2012.60.1) and a Late Iron Age tankard handle (2012.153.2) both from Penllyn; Middle Bronze Age rapier (2012.164.1), a Late Bronze Age socketed, faceted axe (2012.139.1) and a blade fragment from an indeterminate Bronze Age axe (2012.1) all from Llancarfan.

Wrexham
Middle Bronze Age Transitional looped palstave (2012.195.1) from Rhosllenerchrugog.

Roman

Bridgend
A possible unusual plate brooch (2012.128.1) from Merthyr Mawr.

Caerphilly
Copper alloy bell (2012.50.1) from Nelson.

Carmarthenshire
A bow brooch of Trumpet type (2012.223.10) from St Clears.

Denbighshire
Copper alloy figurine of a deity (2012.195.2) from Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd.

Flintshire
Five bow brooches of Polden Hill / T-shaped, Headstud and Trumpet types (2012.192.1-5) from Llanasa.

Monmouthshire
Four bow brooches of T-shaped (3) and Trumpet (1) types (2012.9.1, 2012.78.1-2, 2012.123)  and a finger-ring (2012.240) from Caerwent; A glass bead (2012.161) from Llanover; A copper alloy fitting depicting a foot with sandal (2012.97.3) from Llantilio Pertholey; a copper alloy anthropomorphic mount (2012.184) from Llantrisant Fawr; two bow brooches of T-shaped and Trumpet type (2012.23.1, 2012.49.1) both from Llantrisant; a trumpet derivative brooch (2012.174) and a harness ring (2012.152) both from Mathern; a composite plate brooch (2012.78.3) from Shirenewton; a copper alloy buckle (2012.26.1) from St Arvans and a vessel escutcheon (2012.42.1) from Trellech United.

Swansea
A bow brooch or Trumpet type (2012.153.4) and a plate brooch (2012.166.2) from Swansea Bay

Vale of Glamorgan
Three bow brooches of Colchester-Two-Piece (2012.147), Trumpet (2012.111.1) and uncertain (2012.231.1) types all from Dinas Powys; two bow brooches of T-shaped (2012.156.6) and uncertain type (2012.127.1) and an enamelled disc brooch (2012.92) all from Llancarfan; A bow brooch of Trumpet-headed type (2012.208.1) from Llantwit Major; eight bow brooches: of T-shaped (2), Trumpet (2), Wroxeter (1) and uncertain (3) types (2012.41.17, 19, 20-23, 26, 2012.205.1), a zoomorphic fitting (2012.41.25) and dolphin mount (2012.41.18) all from Rhoose; bow brooch of T-shaped type (2012.175.1) from St Athan; A miniature votive axe (2012.168.2), a bracelet fragment (2012.238.8), a spoon (2012.228.3), Twenty-two bow brooches: of Polden Hill / T-shaped types (12), Trumpet or Trumpet headed types (5), Headstud (1) and uncertain (4) types (2012.36.1, 2012.60.5-7, 2012.104.1, 2012.156.3-4, 2012.168.3, 2012.169.2-4, 2012.213.1, 2012.222.4, 2012.2012.223.2-5 &7, 2012.228.2 & 4, 2012.241.1) and a penannular brooch terminal (2012.13.7) all from St Donats; Three bow brooches: of T-shaped (1) and uncertain (2) types (2012.135.1-2, 2012.239.2) all from St Nicholas & Bonvilston; Four bow brooches: of T-shaped (2), Wroxeter (1) and uncertain (1) types (2012.118.1-3, 2012.230.2) and a pelta-shaped plate brooch (2012.118.1) all from Wenvoe.

Wrexham
A plate brooch with glass intaglio (2012.14.1) from Bronington and a bow brooch of Trumpet type (2012.16.1) from Rossett.

Early Medieval

Vale of Glamorgan
Copper alloy buckle (2012.133.3) from Dinas Powys.

Medieval

Bridgend
Two seal matrices, one copper alloy the other lead (2012.213.3, 2012.168.4); a lead pilgrim’s ampulla (2012.154.1) and a wooden pommel (2012.94) all from Kenfig;  A copper alloy buckle (2012128.2) from Laleston.

Caerphilly
A copper alloy seal matrix (2012.101) from Rudry.

Cardiff
A copper alloy belt mount (2012.180) from Tongwynlais.

Carmarthenshire
A lead ampulla (2012.228.9) from Llanstephan and a lead weight (2012.166.4) from St Clears.

Denbighshire
A lead ampulla (2012.15) from Corwen.

Flintshire
A lead seal matrix and a copper alloy ewer spout (2012.192.6-7) both from Llanasa.

Monmouthshire
Copper alloy strap-end and buckle (2012.26.2-3) from St Arvans; lead ampula originating from the Canterbury shrine (2012.122.2) from Llangybi and a lead ampulla (2012.143.1) from Llantrisant.

Newport
Two enamelled harness pendants with the same heraldic device (2012.213.4-5) from Penhow.

Pembrokeshire
A copper alloy seal matrix (2012.38.2) from Pembroke.

Powys
A copper alloy ewer spout (2012.93.2) from Brecon; a lead ampulla (2012.130.1) from Welshpool and an enamelled harness pendant of the de Clare family (2012.182) from Honddu Isaf.

Rhondda Cynon Taff
A copper alloy candlestick (2012.93.3) from Hirwaun.

Swansea
A copper alloy harness pendant with its suspension mount (2012.169.5) from Pennard.

Vale of Glamorgan
A copper alloy rotary-key (2012.120) from Cowbridge with Llanbleddian; A copper alloy annular brooch (2012.156.1), an annular buckle (2012.164.2) a lead seal matrix and a lead alloy pilgrim’s badge (2012.208.3-4) all from Llancarfan; a copper alloy belt-mount (2012.153.3) from Llandow; a copper alloy harness pendant (2012.32.3) and an annular buckle (2012.121.1) both from Llanfair; A copper alloy trade weight (2012.121.4) from Llantwit Major; An iron arrowhead with remnants of the wooden shaft (2012.160) from Penarth; A tin alloy spoon (2012.60.8) and a purse bar (2012.113) both from Penllyn; a copper alloy finger-ring (2012.41.27) from St Brides Major; six copper alloy buckles (2012.13.4&6, 2012.13.10, 2012.222.1, 2012.223.9, 2012.228.6), a copper alloy dagger-guard (2012.228.1), a copper alloy finger-ring (2012.129.3), a copper alloy padlock (2012.129.5), six copper alloy belt or strap mounts (2012.13.8&11, 2012.128.3, 2012.129.4, 2012.166.1, 2012.168.1), a copper alloy seal matrix (2012.169.1), a copper alloy rowel spur (2012.13.3) and a copper alloy plate strap-end (2012.156.2) all from St Donats; a copper alloy strap-end (2012.133.2) from St Nicholas with Bonvilston, Two copper alloy buckles (2012.62, 2012.239.1), an iron annular buckle (2012.135.3) and a copper alloy strap-end (2012.132.5) all from Wenvoe.

Post Medieval

Bridgend
A copper alloy saddle pommel (2012.156.7) from Laleston.

Caerphilly
A copper alloy book mount (2012.110.1) and a jetton (2012.204) from Ynysddu.

Carmarthenshire
A copper alloy mount (2012.36.2) from Manordeolo and Salem; a copper alloy finger-ring (2012.86.2) from Llanegwad.

Denbighshire
A copper alloy saddle pommel (2012.19) from Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd.

Monmouthshire
A copper alloy harness mount (2012.123.2) from Caerwent; a copper alloy purse frame (2012.185.1) from Crucorney; A fragmentary iron cauldron (2012.143.2) from Llantrisant; a lead powder-cap (2012.210.2) from Raglan;

Pembrokeshire
A copper alloy purse-bar (2012.38.3) from Spittal

Swansea
A copper alloy jetton (2012.167.15) from Swansea Bay; a gold mourning finger-ring from Llangennith, Llanmadoc and Cheriton.

Vale of Glamorgan
Three copper alloy mounts (2012.127.3, 2012.132.4, 2012.139.2), a copper alloy jetton (2012.127.4) and a copper alloy toy gun (2012.164.3) all from Llancarfan; a purse bar terminal (2012.150.2) from Llandow; a copper alloy belt-mount (2012.121.2) from Llanfair; Three copper alloy jettons (2012.74.2-4) found together at Penllyn; a silver buckle (2012.228.8) from St Brides Major; a copper alloy-belt mount (2012.13.5), a copper alloy scabbard-hanger (2012.13.9), a copper alloy purse-bar with frame and a copper alloy trivet all from St Donats (2012.222.2-3); an iron rowel spur, a copper alloy dress-hook (2012.132.2-3) and an iron rotary key (2012.133.1) all from Wenvoe.

Numismatics

Pre-Roman Coinage

Wrexham
Gresford: Numidia, bronze of Micipsa (148-118 BC).

Roman Coinage

Caerphilly
Llanfabon: Republican denarius of M Plaetorius M F Cestianus.

Carmarthenshire
Llandovery: sestertius of Diva Faustina I.
Llandyfaelog: irregular(?) nummus of Constantine II (GE2/Trier).

Monmouthshire
Caerleon: denarius of Trajan.
Caerwent: denarii of Augustus, Galba; nummi, House of Constantine (GE 2 std/uncertain), Helena (Pax Publica/uncertain).
Grosmont: sestertius of Faustina II.
Llantilio Portoley: denarii of Vespasian, Hadrian.
Raglan: Republican denarius of Q Titi.
Usk: nummus of Constantine I (uncertain).

Newport
Penhow: denarius of Hadrian.

Pembrokeshire
Pembroke: nummus of Constantine I (Beata Tranquillitas/Trier).

Powys
Yscir: denarius of Hadrian.

Swansea
‘North Gower’: denarius of Titus Caesar.
Swansea Bay: sestertii of Vespasian, Trajan.

Torfaen
Pontypool: sestertius of ?Antoninus Pius.

Vale of Glamorgan
Dyffryn: irregular as of Antoninus Pius; radiate of Tetricus I.
Gileston: maiorinae, Magnentius (Victoriae DD NN Aug et Caes/Trier), Decentius (Victoriae… Cae/Amiens); irregular maiorina, Constans (FTR, hut).
Lavernock: radiate of Claudius II.
Llanagan: denarius of Septimius Severus (Emesa mint).
Llanblethian: denarius of Hadrian.
Llansannor: denarius of Domitian.
Llysworney: irregular as of Domitian.
Monknash: sestertius of Faustina II.
Nantbran: radiate of Carausius.
Rhoose: irregular denarius of Trajan.
St Andrew’s Major: denarius of Trajan; irregular denarius of Septimius Severus; radiates of Carausius; nummi of Constantine I (Beat Tranqlitas/London, Beata Tranquillitas/uncertain), Constantine II (Virtus Exercit/London, GE 2 std/Lyon), Constans (Victoriae DD Augg Q NN/Trier), Constantius II (GE 1 std/Trier), Urbs Roma (Lyon); bronzes of Valens (SR/Arles).
St Donat’s: denarii of Domitian, Trajan, Hadrian, Septimius Severus; irregular denarii of Tiberius, Titus Caesar; uncertain sestertius; dupondius of Vespasian/Titus; radiates of Claudius II (2), Victorinus, Probus; irregular radiate; nummi of Constantine I (Soli Invicto Comiti/London), Beata Tranquillitas/Trier, Providentiae Augg/uncertain), Urbs Roma (Trier), House of Constantine (GE 2 std/uncertain), Constans/Constantius II (Victoriae DD Augg Q NN/Trier); irregular nummi, Urbs Roma, Constantinopolis; (bronzes of Valentinian I (GR/uncertain), Valens (SR/Lyon), Gratian (GNS/Arles).
St Lythans: nummi of Constantine I (Beat Tranqlitas/London, Beata Tranquillitas/uncertain).
St Nicholas: uncertain sestertius.
Treguff: as of Domitian; irregular radiate; nummus, Constantinopolis (uncertain).
Tythegston: sestertius of Marcus Aurelius.
Wenvoe: denarius of Septimius Severus; radiates of Tetricus II, Carausius (London); irregular radiate; maiorina of Magnentius (Victoriae DD NN Aug et Cae/Amiens).
West Aberthaw: denarius of Diva Faustina I.
Wrinstone: irregular radiate.
Ystradowen: uncertain sestertius.

Wrexham
Worthenbury: dupondius of Hadrian.

Medieval Coinage

[‘Short Cross’ and ‘Long Cross’ indicate the coinages in the name of ‘Henry’ issued between 1180-1247 and 1247-79, respectively.]

Bridgend
Kenfig: Canterbury Short Cross penny.
Laleston: London halfpenny of Richard II.

Carmarthenshire
Aberglasney: London groat of Henry VI.
Dryslwyn: London groat of Edward IV.
Llangathan: Canterbury half groat of Edward IV.
Newcastle Emlyn: uncertain penny of Edward I-II; Durham penny of Edward IV.
Rhos: London groat of Edward III.

Ceredigion
Cardigan: Canterbury Long Cross penny; Canterbury (2), Exeter, Lincoln, London pennies of Edward I; Canterbury, Durham, London pennies of Edward II; London farthing of Edward I-II; London half groats (2), Durham penny of Edward III; London halfpenny of Henry IV-V; Calais halfpenny of Henry VI; Durham penny of Edward IV; Ireland, uncertain penny of Edward IV; Brabant, sterling (crockard) of John I/II.
Penbryn: Canterbury Short Cross penny, London Short Cross cut halfpenny; Canterbury Long Cross penny, London Long Cross cut halfpenny, uncertain Long Cross cut farthing; York penny of Edward III.

Denbighshire
Llangollen: copper stycas of Northumbria: Eanred, Aethelred II, irregular (2) and York Archbishop Wigmund.

Flintshire
Llanasa: Lincoln penny of Cnut; Canterbury, Winchester Short Cross pennies; London Short Cross cut halfpenny; London Long Cross pennies (2); Canterbury, London pennies of Edward I; London penny of Edward II; London farthing of Edward I-II; York penny of Edward III; Calais groats (2), halfpenny of Henry VI.

Monmouthshire
Caerwent: York Short Cross penny; Durham penny of Edward IV.
Chepstow: Oxford Short Cross penny.
Llantrisant: London Long Cross penny, London Long Cross cut halfpenny, uncertain Long Cross cut farthing; London penny of Edward I.
Shirenewton: London Long Cross penny.
Usk: London Short Cross penny.

Neath Port Talbot
Aberavon: London Short Cross cut halfpenny.

Pembrokeshire
Boncath: uncertain Short Cross cut halfpenny; York penny of Edward IV.
Cilgerran: London and uncertain Short Cross pennies; Canterbury penny of Edward I.
Haverfordwest: London halfpenny of Edward IV.
Rosemarket: London penny of Edward I; London and York pennies of Edward IV.
Tiers Cross: Durham penny of Edward II.

Powys
Brecon: London quarter noble of Edward III.

Swansea
Kittle: London penny of Edward I-II.
Knelston: London penny of Edward I; Calais half groat of Henry VI.
Landimore: Ireland, Dublin penny of John.
Llanmadoc/Cheriton: Durham, Northampton Short Cross cut halfpennies; London penny of Edward II; Canterbury penny of Edward I-II; uncertain penny of Edward I-III.
Oystermouth (castle): London penny of Edward I-II.
Port Eynon: Canterbury Short Cross penny; London (2), uncertain Short Cross cut halfpennies; London Long Cross penny; London Long Cross cut halfpenny; Bristol penny of Edward I; Durham, London pennies of Edward II; Durham penny of Edward IV; Scotland, Short Cross & Stars penny of William I.
Reynoldston: Canterbury penny of Edward I.
Swansea Bay: Canterbury half groat of Edward IV.

Vale of Glamorgan
Barry: London penny of Edward I.
Boverton: London penny, farthing of Edward I.
City: London groat of Edward IV.
Gileston: London pennies of Edward I, Edward (II?); London halfpenny of Richard II; York penny of Edward IV.
Gileston/Aberthaw: York penny of Edward I; Durham penny of Edward IV.
Llancadle: York 14th-15th cent penny, uncertain reign.
Llandow: London Short Cross penny.
Llangan: Ilchester Long Cross cut halfpenny; York penny of Edward III.
Llanmaes: uncertain Short Cross cut halfpenny; London penny of Edward I; Durham penny of Edward IV.
Naaboth’s Vineyard: Calais groat of Henry VI.
Rhoose: York penny of Edward III; Calais halfpenny of Henry VI.
St Bride’s Major: London farthing of Edward I-II.
St Donat’s: Canterbury, London (2), Winchester Short Cross pennies; London and uncertain (2) Short Cross cut halfpennies; London Short Cross cut farthing; Bury, Gloucester, London Long Cross cut halfpennies; Bristol (2), Canterbury, London pennies of Edward I; Canterbury, London pennies of Edward II; uncertain penny, Edward I-II; London half groat, Durham, York pennies of Edward III; Ireland, Dublin pennies of Edward IV, Richard III; Scotland, uncertain penny of Wiliam I.
St Nicholas: London penny of Edward II.
Sully: London penny of Edward III.
Treguff: London penny of Edward I; London farthing of Edward I-II; London groat of Edward III; York penny of Edward IV(?).
Wenvoe: London groat, half groat of Edward III.
Whitton Fawr: London penny of Edward I.
Wrinstone: Canterbury Short Cross penny.
Vale of Glamorgan, unspecified: London penny of Edward II.

Post Medieval Coinage (selected)

Carmarthenshire
Abergwili: counterfeit half crown of Charles I.
St Clears: London groat of Henry VIII

Ceredigion
Cardigan: York groat of Henry VIII.

Denbighshire
St Asaph: London groat of Henry VIII.

Pembrokeshire
Haverfordwest: London groat of Henry VII.
Lawrenny: Spain, uncertain copper 8-maravedis of Philip IV (1621-65).

Rhondda Cynon Taf
Beddau: Canterbury half groat of Henry VII.

Swansea
Swansea Bay: penny token of James Tressy, Tuam (Co. Galway) 1670; Spain, Segovia copper 8-maravedis of Philip IV; uncertain countermarked 8-maravedis of Philip IV.

Vale of Glamorgan
Llangan: York half groat of Henry VIII.
Penllyn: London halfpenny of Henry VIII.
Sigingstone: Counterfeit half crown of Charles I.
St Donat’s: farthing tokens: Samuel Crockford, Minehead 1654, Dorchester Town 1669.
Sully: London halfpenny of Henry VIII.
Treguff: London penny, probably Henry VIII.

Wrexham
Gresford: Canterbury half groat of Henry VII.

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