Diatom Research Projects

(Saesneg yn unig)

Dr Ingrid Jüttner, Research Curator Diatoms,
Department of Biodiversity & Systematic Biology

River Usk catchment, stream affected by erosion
River Irfon catchment, acidified stream

Monitoring water quality

The presence of certain diatom species can indicate quickly that water quality is compromised by high acidity, high levels of nutrients, the presence of pollutants or an excessive burden of silt. Such impacts can make freshwater habitats unsuitable for plants, insects, amphibians and fish.

We use diatoms to assess ecological status of freshwaters as required by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). In the catchments of the River Wye and Usk we regularly monitor whether streams achieve the desired ‘Good Ecological Status’. Currently this work is undertaken as part of three projects led by the Wye and Usk Foundation: ISAC – Irfon Special Area of Conservation Project (2010-2013), WHIP2 – Wye (Herefordshire) Improvement Project (2012-2015) and MOAT – Monmouthshire, Olway and Trothy Project (2012-2014). http://www.wyeuskfoundation.org/projects

Diatom Flora of Britain and Ireland

The freshwaters and seas of Britain and Ireland have a rich diatom flora. This has been explored by professional and amateur researchers for more than 200 years. Today, reliable identification requires a good knowledge of a vast and scattered literature. We will clarify outstanding problems of taxonomy and nomenclature, and bring together scattered resources in one place. The project aims to make all results, held in a newly designed database, freely available online, as well as publishing them in scientific journals. Initially we focus on species which are important in assessment of water quality, and on rarely reported species which live in habitats of conservation interest.

Collaborators: The Natural History Museum, London; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh; Bowburn Consultancy; University College London.

Taxonomy, ecology and biogeography of diatoms from subaerial habitats

The project studies diatom diversity and biogeography in subaerial habitats (damp rock faces, soil and mosses) of nordic and alpine geographical areas. It is likely that, due to climate change, these habitats will alter substantially and this will have major consequences for their biological communities and species distribution.

Manaslu area of Nepal
Manaslu area of Nepal. Diatom diversity in Nepalese freshwater ecosystems.

Diatom biodiversity of Nepal

Ecological and taxonomic studies of diatoms in Nepal have been conducted since 1993 and include investigations on streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, springs and subaerial habitats from the tropical lowlands to the high Himalaya. A large scale investigation of stream diatoms extended over a 900 km east-west range and over an altitude gradient of more than 4000 m in the Himalaya of Nepal and north-west India. So far 15 new diatom species and one new genus were described and diatom assemblage change related to major environmental gradients. Current work includes taxonomic and ecological studies on cymbelloid and monoraphid diatoms and on the diatom flora of the Gokyo Valley, Everest National Park, the Annapurna Conservation Area and the Langtang National Park.

Collaborators: Kathmandu University, Aquatic Ecology Centre, Dhulikhel, Nepal; The Natural History Museum, London; National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise; St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia; Cardiff University, School of Biosciences.

  • Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd

    Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd

    Cewch ddarganfod celf, daeareg a hanes natur. Gyda rhaglen newidiol o arddangosfeydd a digwyddiadau, mae rhywbeth i syfrdanu pawb, beth bynnag sy'n mynd â'ch bryd — ac mae mynediad am ddim!

  • Sain Ffagan Amgueddfa Werin Cymru

    Sain Ffagan

    Sain Ffagan yw un o brif amgueddfeydd awyr agored Ewrop, ac atyniad ymwelwyr mwyaf poblogaidd Cymru.

  • Big Pit Amgueddfa Lofaol Cymru

    Big Pit

    Pwll glo go iawn yw'r Pwll Mawr, ac un o amgueddfeydd mwyngloddio gorau Prydain.

  • Amgueddfa Wlân Cymru

    Amgueddfa Wlân Cymru

    Mae Amgueddfa Wlân Cymru, sydd yn hen ffatri wlân y Cambrian Mills, yn lle arbennig ac mae ganddi stori gyfareddol i'w hadrodd.

  • Amgueddfa Lleng Rufeinig Cymru

    Amgueddfa Lleng Rufeinig Cymru

    Yn OC75, sefydlodd y Rhufeiniaid caer yng Nghaerllion a fyddai'n gwarchod yr ardal am dros 200 o flynyddoedd. Heddiw, yn Amgueddfa Lleng Rufeinig Cymru yng Nghaerllion, byddwch yn dysgu pam yr oedd byddin y Rhufeiniaid cymaint i'w hofni.

  • Amgueddfa Lechi Cymru

    Amgueddfa Lechi Cymru

    Mae'r Amgueddfa Lechi'n cynnig diwrnod llawn mwynhad ac addysg mewn ardal ddramatig o brydferth ar lan Llyn Padarn.

  • Amgueddfa Genedlaethol y Glannau

    Amgueddfa Genedlaethol y Glannau

    Mae Amgueddfa Genedlaethol y Glannau yn adrodd hanes diwydiant ac arloesi yng Nghymru, heddiw a thros y 300 mlynedd diwethaf.

  • Rhagor: Archwilio'r Casgliadau

    Gwefan newydd cyffrous yw 'Rhagor' lle cewch ddysgu rhagor am ein casgliadau hynod.